Framework of the Constitution:
With Pandit Nehru at the helm, the Constituent Assembly of India was elected to draft the Constitution of India. Their members were also the first deputies. The Constitution of India was drafted by an assembly of 299 members in 11 sessions over a period of three years. It provided the framework for the separation of the legislative, the executive and the judiciary, the fundamental rights, powers and duties of citizens
Establishment of key institutions after Independence:
One of the first institutions established by Nehru was the Electoral Commission of India in 1950, followed by the Planning Commission, National Physical Laboratory and Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur in the same year. Then the Atomic Energy Establishment, Trombay was established in 1954 to consolidate India’s nuclear program, later renamed Bhabha Atomic Research Center (BARC). This was followed by the University Grants Commission, Indian Institute of Medical Sciences and the Atomic Energy Commission in 1956.
The National School of Drama was established in 1959, the first Indian Institute of Management, Calcutta, in 1961, followed by the Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad, in the same year. In 1962, the Indian National Committee for Space Research was established.