New Delhi: Union Home Minister and Cooperation Minister Shri Amit Shah attended the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) 37th Foundation Day celebrations today as a guest principal in New Delhi. Shri Amit Shah is the first Union Home Minister to attend an NCRB Foundation Day function. The Union Home Ministers of State, Shri Nityanand Rai and Shri Ajay Kumar Mishra, the Union Home Secretary, the Director of NCRB and senior officers from the Ministry of Home and the police were also present on occasion.
In his remarks, the Union Home Secretary said that today is a happy day for all who work in homeland security, as the NCRB celebrates its 37th awareness day. If an organization has been in existence for 37 years, then it demonstrates its relevance and regardless of the government in power, the NCRB has always received strength and encouragement because of its usefulness. To control crime, it is essential to have data in one place, to analyze the data, to break it down and to develop different strategies for its control. He said a strategy can only be developed when the analysis of the challenges to be addressed is available, the resources available to address the challenges are known and these are analyzed and incorporated into the strategy. Shri Shah said that the NCRB has an important role in managing the internal security of the country, especially the law and order situation.
Shri Amit Shah said that when he was Home Minister of Gujarat, IG level crime conferences were held regularly at the borders of neighboring states of Gujarat. Data is needed for crime conferences to be outcome oriented and when we work on this, NCRB data is very helpful and also helps a great deal in monitoring law and order in border districts. He added that when different states prepare year-long police action plans, the source of the date appears to be from the NCRB. States should use NCRB data to formulate their annual policing strategy, it should have a multi-dimensional and multi-purpose use in fighting crime, only then will this institution become results-oriented
Shri Shah said the NCRB is like the brain and action is only possible when states use its data. The NCRB has created a very good data protection and data analysis framework by assimilating a lot of things. The Union Home Secretary said that this data can be used effectively by not just looking at it as raw data. Make it a habit to analyze the data and use it in every district, police station, firing range and DGP headquarters across the country.
The Union Minister of Home Affairs and Cooperation said that nothing happens just by creating data, you have to go to the United States and discuss with them the methodology of using the data. Some states have used the data and the Bureau of Police Research & Development (BPR&D) and the NCRB should share their best practices. Shri Shah said the Crime and Criminal Tracking & Network Systems (CCTNS) hackathon was also inaugurated today and BPR&D should take it to all states as hackathons can solve many challenges. Hackathons are the only way the police can stay one step ahead of the criminals. He said that the usefulness of the CCTNS is satisfactory in the real sense and that the responsibility for the implementation of the Interoperable Criminal Justice System (ICJS) has also been given to the NCRB, and that these two mechanisms should become multifunctional. Data that was previously in physical form is now in electronic form through the CCTNS. Connecting so many police stations across the country is not an easy task. All of these have been connected through technology, but now partners need to be found to move forward and staff will need to be trained to use it. Together with CCTNS, E-Prison, E-Forensic, E-Prosecution and E-Court in unison form a complete system of the criminal justice system. Shri Shah said that 16,390 police stations in the country are connected to the CCTNS, but central agencies such as the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI), Narcotics Control Bureau (NCB) and National investigation (NIA) are still not. connected with her. All agencies should join the CCTNS as soon as possible and make the data 100% complete.
The Union Home Minister said that the target for the second phase of the ICJS has been set by the Government of India, with an expenditure of around Rs. 3,500 crore by 2026. After its completion, it should be made increasingly useful using artificial intelligence, blockchain, analytics tools, and a fingerprinting system. He said that so far around one million fingerprints have been taken and if they become available in all police stations there is no need to prosecute criminals because after getting their fingerprints , their address can be found in the database of the police station.
Shri Shah said that an NCRB should be prepared and this data should be used for crime control. This would fulfill the purpose of the data. He said the NCRB data shows crime through the lens of the CPI. Data should also be compiled through the social lens instead of looking at it only through the lens of the CPI. If this data can be analyzed in a different way, then there will be huge benefits in crime control. For example, whenever Kharif season approaches, FIRs of quarrels/fights between farmers will be recorded in police stations and sometimes such cases even reach serious levels.
Shri Amit Shah said the police should keep an eye on places where large educational institutions and new hostels are being built and monitor the type of activity taking place around them. A solution cannot be found by considering them only from the point of view of the IPC, it must be analyzed separately and this is the responsibility of the NCRB and the BPR&D. After having analyzed it separately, these two organizations should present a paper with a solution during the DGP conference and workshops should be organized after discussion with the States. If crime data is not used to reduce crime, we cannot get the most out of data retention. Until we promote the use of all these features, do not place them in the user forum, until then it cannot be fully beneficial. He said the police organizations have all the resources that will make the job less laborious, but they don’t have the information. Until all these facilities are removed from the officer level to the person seated at the police station, we will not be able to harness the benefits and it is up to the NCRB to implement it.
The Union Home Secretary said that three aspects are important in the processing of data. Access – data must be available, made public and retrievable so that the right person has access to the data at the right time. The data storage format – the format should not only be used to store the data but also to store the data by transforming the information into such a format that maximum data can be used. He said that a system of its analysis should be done using the most modern tools and it should also be managed. The data must be accessible, the record must be in a good format, and tools must also be created for its use. By dividing the work into these three parts, if the NCRB takes a resolution in the Amrit Mahotsav of independence, we will increase the usefulness of the data by at least 20% over the next five years, so it will be a great task accomplished by the NCRB in the Amrit Mahotsav of Independence. Shri Shah said that over the past 37 years you have done an excellent job of storing data and making it available. Now we need to focus entirely on using data and using data to get results. This 37-year journey of the NCRB is an inspiration to all agencies involved in law and order management.